International Bill of Rights


Let me add that a bill of rights is what the people are entitled to against every government on earth, general or particular, and what no just government would refuse, or rest on inference. -Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, 20 December 1787


Absolute national sovereignty yields to the advance of international human rights law:

Why human rights treaties are important:

The Global Bill of Rights:

The European Bill of Rights:

The Inter-American Bill of Rights:

Country Issues:

  • Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms: its “notwithstanding” clause (Section 33) allows Parliament and the provincial legislatures to suspend fundamental human rights that should never be suspended, such as the right to life and the right not to be subjected to cruel and unusual punishment
  • Belgian Loi relative à la répression des violations graves de droit international humanitaire (1993, 1999) (Law Regarding the Punishment of Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law) enables prosecution of foreigners who committed crimes against humanity that in no way involved Belgium or Belgian citizens — it is the most advanced example of the principle of universal jurisdiction.

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