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The Arctic is often depicted as an isolated and remote area, defined by its harsh climate and ice-choked waters. However, the melting of the polar ice caps is creating new opportunities for trade and resource extraction. Moreover, a more open and hospitable Arctic has also led to increased territorial claims and military presence by the eight countries that call the region home. The prospect of a conflict in the Arctic remains unlikely, as the Arctic Council, established in 1996, provides an integral means for cooperation, coordination, and interaction among Arctic states. World Policy Journal examines the extent of the militarization of the region by Arctic countries, deployed as both a technique of surveillance and a means of protection, as a warming climate opens new paths.
Compiled by Sophie des Beauvais
Designed by Meehyun Nam-Thompson and Matthew DeMello
Sources: International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Arctic Institute, Business Insider, Canadian Army, Scandinavian defense forces