1972: Institute for World Order Formed

In 1972, the World Law Fund and its subsidiary programs merged with the Institute for International Order, adopting the name Institute for World Order. Harry Hollins of the World Law Fund took over the Presidency of the Institute from Earl Osborn. Hollins was succeeded by Franklin Wallin in 1973, and then by Saul Mendlovitz in 1974. Work in the 1970s included the Public Education on Global Issues Project; a loose affiliation with the Food Action Center in Washington, DC; a public education campaign on disarmament, named Operation Turning Point: End the Arms Race, coinciding with the UN’s first Special Session on Disarmament; and the Grenville Clark Project on Disarmament. The project, directed by Robert Johansen, published and promoted a position paper entitled “Toward a Dependable Peace: A Proposal for an Appropriate Security System.” In the late 1970s, the board decided that the organization should become less theoretical and broaden its focus to public policy. Board members at the time included Hollins; Notre Dame University President, Father Theodore Hesburgh; longtime Yale Professor and peace activist William Sloane Coffin; businessman and philanthropist Ira Wallach; and Stern Fund executive director David Hunter. Robert Johansen was President of the Institute from 1978 to 1981 and author of The National Interest and the Human Interest, written during his tenure. In Spring 1981, Arch Gillies, a former long-time aide to Nelson Rockefeller, became President.